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Archived from the original on 26 October Retrieved 29 June It was cited by scholars and relied upon as factual by filmmakers. Josephine finally changed her mind and asked Wyatt's cousins to burn their work, but Cason held back a copy, to which Glenn Boyer eventually acquired the rights, [] [] and is now in the custody of the Ford County Historical Society in Dodge City. In the book I Married Wyatt Earp , based on a manuscript which she purportedly wrote, author Glenn Boyer quotes her as saying, "I liked the traveling sort of man The Tombstone Epitaph reported on November 11, that "S. Retrieved 20 April Corral hearing and aftermath Earp Vendetta Ride.

He called a foul on Fitzsimmons that no one saw, and Wyatt was widely accused of taking a bribe. In a remarkable set of coincidences, the known life of Josephine Sadie Marcus overlapped the life of an otherwise unknown prostitute named Sadie Mansfield. In the course of writing Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal , Stuart Lake learned that Josephine had lived with Johnny Behan in Tombstone and other aspects of Josephine's life that she wanted to keep private. Money flowed from Nevada through San Francisco, and for a while the Marcus family prospered. Archived PDF from the original on 5 November She and her sister-in-law Alma were concerned about the care Josie gave Wyatt. Sharkey boxing match on December 2, and was accused of fixing the outcome. The Earps moved back to San Francisco in [81] so Josie could be closer to her family.

Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved February 28, Fairbanks, Alaska: Epicenter Press. It was discovered in a backyard in Fresno, California. Retrieved September 30, Julia Barton, a servant. Wyatt Earp Timeline. Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 9 June

Josephine died at age 83 on December 20, , in the same bungalow she and Wyatt shared at W. She also told the Earp cousins that Pauline Markham had a maid named Julia. I can remember shedding many tears in out-of the way-corners. Josephine told Earp's biographers and others that Earp didn't drink, never owned gambling saloons, and that he didn't offer prostitutes upstairs, when all have been documented. The German Jews were usually more affluent, were better educated, and spoke German, while the Polish Jews, who spoke Yiddish , were typically peddlers and much more religious. Archived from the original on 3 February On May 22, , Behan's wife Victoria filed for divorce. Josephine loved to play poker [] and developed a serious gambling habit, [11] losing heavily at times. Los Angeles, California , U.

She took the unusual step of asserting in her divorce petition that Behan "at divers times and places openly and notoriously visited houses of ill-fame and prostitution at said town of Prescott. Retrieved May 29, Wyatt would often go on long walks to get away from her. John Jacob Astor William H. San Francisco's population had boomed to ,, and housing was in short supply. My blood demanded excitement, variety and change. Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 29 May

Retrieved 15 April Josephine was born in New York to a Prussian Jewish family; her father was a baker. Pinafore more than a dozen times from December 24, through February 20, Behan and his wife were divorced in less than a month, in June Sierra Vista Historical Society Newsletter. In , Wyatt and his wife Josie, his brothers Warren and James, and James' wife Bessie arrived in Eagle City, Idaho, another new boomtown that was created as a result of the discovery of gold, silver, and lead in the Coeur d'Alene area. He reneged but persuaded her to stay. Archived from the original on 7 May Archived from the original on 1 May

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The group spent 10 days sleeping on the floor. The events that Josephine "Sadie" Marcus claimed took place when she was 18 years old in don't correlate with known facts, but do closely correspond to the events in 14 year old Sadie Mansfield's journey to Prescott in Retrieved 23 June Archived from the original on 3 June Archived from the original on 13 September American Heritage. On June 1 or 2, , William V. Wyatt never sent for her and she moved to Pinal, Arizona, where she resumed life as a prostitute, eventually committing suicide by taking an overdose of laudanum. Considine tried to keep Earp from succeeding, and arranged for his establishment to be raided. True West Magazine.

Corral and How it Changed the American West first ed. East Central Arizona History. Upon their return, they arrived late in the evening and a day earlier than expected, at the house built with her father's money. As an adult, Josephine claimed her father was German and ran a prosperous mercantile business. Retrieved 21 June Archived from the original on 23 September It was immensely popular for many years, becoming the university's fourth all-time best selling book with over 35, copies sold. In , reporters and scholars found that Boyer could not document many of the facts he wrote about the time period in Tombstone. Archived from the original on 11 September

But, no other corroborating evidence has been found supporting the thesis that Josephine used May Bell as a stage name, and she never claimed so. Los Angeles Times. American Heritage. Upon their return, they arrived late in the evening and a day earlier than expected, at the house built with her father's money. This was the same date that Wyatt Earp and his brothers arrived. Prism: the changing American west. Raymond Nez wrote that his grandparents witnessed their marriage off the California coast. Retrieved September 30, Cemetery officials re-set the stone flush in concrete, but it was stolen again. Pinafore more than a dozen times from December 24, through February 20,

December 13, Hyman, Deborah Dash Moore, ed. Retrieved May 31, Josephine Earp and her relationship to Wyatt became known after amateur historian Glenn Boyer published his book, I Married Wyatt Earp , based on a manuscript allegedly written in part by her. Among the facts Josephine wanted scrubbed from Earp's history, she persuaded biographers Flood, Lake and Burns to write that Earp was a non-drinker. In a remarkable set of coincidences, the known life of Josephine Sadie Marcus overlapped the life of an otherwise unknown prostitute named Sadie Mansfield. New York: J. After Wyatt's death, Josephine collaborated with two of her husband's cousins, Mabel Earp Cason and her sister Vinolia Earp Ackerman, to document her life. Josephine's life after Tombstone and with Wyatt Earp is not well known, although it isn't as obscured by stories of her life in Tombstone that she told to hide facts.

The Sacramento Daily Record reported on October 20, , that Virgil had arrived in town from Tombstone to greet his brother Wyatt arriving from the east, although Virgil was living in Colton at the time. They stayed for about four years, living most of the time in the Brooklyn Hotel. Archived from the original on March 25, During a month-long preliminary hearing , Judge Wells Spicer heard testimony from a large number of witnesses. She went to San Francisco in March and was joined that fall by Wyatt, with whom she remained in a common-law marriage for 46 years until his death. In , a series of articles in the Phoenix New Times , including interviews with Glenn Boyer, argued that Boyer invented large portions of the book. Wild West. Archived from the original on 4 May Corral , she was at her home when she heard the sound of gunfire.

New York City , U. Salt Lake City. Retrieved 5 November For the fictional character, see Josie Marcus Scandal. Sierra Vista Historical Society Newsletter. Retrieved March 31, I can remember shedding many tears in out-of the way-corners. The divorce also cited Behan's threats of violence and unrelenting verbal abuse. When her father had difficulty finding work, the family moved in with her older sister and brother-in-law in a working-class tenement.

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Wyatt would often go on long walks to get away from her. Archived from the original on 20 August April Retrieved 23 June Running into town in the direction of the shots, Josephine was relieved to see that Wyatt was uninjured. In , Wyatt and his wife Josie, his brothers Warren and James, and James' wife Bessie arrived in Eagle City, Idaho, another new boomtown that was created as a result of the discovery of gold, silver, and lead in the Coeur d'Alene area. Corral hearing and aftermath Earp Vendetta Ride. Brisbane: Post-Pressed. Phoenix New Times.

He didn't include them in the book, but he did write about them in letters during Vitus Dance and was unable to attend school very much again. Carroll, the census enumerator for the 9th ward in San Francisco, visited the Marcus home. During the next few months, until April , Sadie Mansfield is recorded in various newspapers as traveling back and forth between Tombstone and San Francisco several times. Corral O. Archived from the original on 28 June Archived from the original on 27 September Josephine gambled so recklessly that Wyatt cut her off and asked other gambling houses to do the same.

Arizona Weekly Miner. Archived from the original on 3 February Josephine was born in New York to a Prussian Jewish family; her father was a baker. Los Angeles Times. Wyatt Earp. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Wyatt put oil leases he owned in Henrietta's name with the agreement that the proceeds would benefit Josie after his death. Retrieved 1 October

She attributed the highly exaggerated stories about Wyatt Earp to Josephine. Johnny Behan common-law husband Wyatt Earp common-law husband. San Francisco: A. Views Read Edit View history. Archived from the original on 5 January After Tonopah's gold strike waned, Wyatt staked mining claims just outside Death Valley and elsewhere in the Mojave Desert. While the town already had five saloons with five courtesans , Johnny's new saloon had none. The Jewish Week. Creative Writing: Theory Beyond Practice. The Epitaph reported on February 27, that S.

Behan was gone for 35 days, returning to Prescott on November 11, , where he lost the election. Earp and partner Charles E. Archived from the original on 10 December The book has become an example of how supposedly factual works can trip up researchers, historians, and librarians. Cason says she and her sister "finally abandoned work on the manuscript because she [Josie] would not clear up the Tombstone sequence where it pertained to her and Wyatt. The Gunfighter: Man or Myth? Archived from the original on March 10, Julia Barton, a servant.

After Tonopah's gold strike waned, Wyatt staked mining claims just outside Death Valley and elsewhere in the Mojave Desert. While the town already had five saloons with five courtesans , Johnny's new saloon had none. Mansfield of Tombstone was returning from the west with other passengers, passing through Colton, California. Hart and Tom Mix. Josephine told Earp's biographers and others that Earp didn't drink, never owned gambling saloons, and that he didn't offer prostitutes upstairs, when all have been documented. In early , Josephine returned to Tombstone after a trip to San Francisco. Wyatt Earp: A Vigilante Life. May 31, Norman, Okla. Behan was sympathetic to ranchers and certain outlaw Cowboys , who were at odds with Deputy U.

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Boring Jonathan R. The case was tried the same day with only one witness for the defense, Jennie Andrews. Retrieved 3 September They stayed for about four years, living most of the time in the Brooklyn Hotel. Her occupation was "Courtesan". San Francisco Call. Beginning in about , critics began to challenge the accuracy of the book, and eventually many parts of the book were refuted as fictional. Retrieved 9 May

Grace recalled that Josie, who had never had many domestic skills, did very little housekeeping or cooking for Wyatt. The group included a black woman named Julia Barton. Josephine told Earp's biographers and others that Earp didn't drink, never owned gambling saloons, and that he didn't offer prostitutes upstairs, when all have been documented. Corral O. Archived PDF from the original on 21 July By , San Francisco was riding on the coattails of the still expanding economic boom caused by the mining of silver from the Comstock Lode. While there, Wyatt stayed with prominent businessman Henry N. The charges against her reported that "one set of German table spoons were stolen from the store of H. But, no other corroborating evidence has been found supporting the thesis that Josephine used May Bell as a stage name, and she never claimed so. Wyatt died on January 13,

Among the facts Josephine wanted scrubbed from Earp's history, she persuaded biographers Flood, Lake and Burns to write that Earp was a non-drinker. While the town already had five saloons with five courtesans , Johnny's new saloon had none. May 31, Archived from the original on 12 April My blood demanded excitement, variety and change. In my confusion, I could see no way out of the tragic mess. Henrietta's three children voided the agreement after their mother's death and didn't pass on the royalties to Josephine. In the summer of he moved back to Prescott, the territorial capital.

Earp or Mrs. Pring, and Messrs. In , Wyatt and his wife Josie, his brothers Warren and James, and James' wife Bessie arrived in Eagle City, Idaho, another new boomtown that was created as a result of the discovery of gold, silver, and lead in the Coeur d'Alene area. American Heritage Magazine. Wyatt Earp: the O. She likely enjoyed the social life and independence that accompanied her role. Josephine began using the name Sadie after she arrived in Arizona. Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 30 October

Sadie was apparently no longer claiming to be Behan's wife. Historical Marker Database. Archived from the original on June 23, Archived from the original on November 13, Retrieved 10 September Archived from the original on June 6, San Diego History Center. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub. Some women in Tombstone operated restaurants, boarding-houses, and apparel and millinery shops, and a few ran some of the dry goods stores. Alias Frank Canton.

Each may have engaged in extramarital affairs. He was known to disappear for days at a time "to see property", the family euphemism for a drinking binge, and Earp was his regular partner. Mansfield" from San Francisco had passed Colton, California where Wyatt Earp's parents lived en route to Arizona, a few days before Wyatt's testimony at the Spicer hearing. Famous Trials: The O. He knew his wife preferred the name "Josephine" and detested "Sadie", but early in their relationship he began calling her 'Sadie'. Rudolph Stauffer found the Apaches that had escaped the reservation at Cave Creek and fought them. She gambled away the filing fees and lied to Wyatt about what happened to the lease, which later turned out to be valuable. Sadie was apparently no longer claiming to be Behan's wife. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Josephine Earp. Retrieved May 31,

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Carroll, the census enumerator for the 9th ward in San Francisco, visited the Marcus home. She successfully kept both women's names out of Stuart Lake's biography of Wyatt and after he died, Josephine may have threatened litigation to keep it that way. Hart paid for her funeral and burial. Retrieved 29 June In , reporters and scholars found that Boyer could not document many of the facts he wrote about the time period in Tombstone. Fort Boise Fort Hall. Archived PDF from the original on 21 July True West Magazine.

After Tonopah's gold strike waned, Wyatt staked mining claims just outside Death Valley and elsewhere in the Mojave Desert. Retrieved 21 June After a time however I very much improved in health so that within two years after my experience I was once more a normal healthy girl. In the spring they decided the gold rush in Dawson was drawing to an end and headed for Nome instead. During the later years of her life, in addition to burnishing the life and legend of husband Wyatt Earp, "she scripted a history of make believe to hide a number of things of which she was not terribly proud. Retrieved 15 April Chelsea House Publications. Fort Dearborn. Wyatt Earp: the O. Sadie was apparently no longer claiming to be Behan's wife.

George Emory Goodfellow. East Central Arizona History. Historical Marker Database. Josephine eventually sold virtually all of her jewelry to Baldwin. Retrieved 30 September Los Angeles, California , U. Finding Behan in bed with the wife of a friend of theirs, she kicked him out. In the summer of he moved back to Prescott, the territorial capital. Anchorage Iditarod Nome Seward Skagway. Los Angeles Herald

Retrieved on November 4, True West. Asher and Company in the village of Prescott, Yavapai, A. Josephine was apparently too full of grief to assist or to attend the funeral itself. Archived from the original on 6 October The family was forced to move in with Josephine's older sister Rebecca and her husband Aaron "south of the slot" south of Market Street at Perry Street between 3rd and 2nd at Harrison in a tenement on the flatlands. In a remarkable set of coincidences, the known life of Josephine Sadie Marcus overlapped the life of an otherwise unknown prostitute named Sadie Mansfield. New York, NY: Routledge.

He continued to race horses, but by he could no longer afford to own horses, but raced them on behalf of the owner of a horse stable in Santa Rosa that he managed for her. Archived from the original on 1 May Missoula, Mont. Hoxie built the Dexter Saloon, the largest in Nome. Retrieved February 25, During a month-long preliminary hearing , Judge Wells Spicer heard testimony from a large number of witnesses. She asked Wyatt for a divorce, but Wyatt didn't believe in divorce and refused. Henrietta's three children voided the agreement after their mother's death and didn't pass on the royalties to Josephine.

Wyatt Earp: the O. The memory of it has been a source of humiliation and regret to me in all the years since that time and I have never until now disclosed it to anyone besides my husband Wyatt. Josephine's life after Tombstone and with Wyatt Earp is not well known, although it isn't as obscured by stories of her life in Tombstone that she told to hide facts. Josephine told others that when she and her friend Dora arrived in Arizona she learned that "some renegade Yuma-Apaches had escaped from the reservation to which they had been consigned and had returned to their old haunts on the war-path. He recorded Josephine as a member of the Marcus household, [4] information that may have been offered by her parents. Wyatt took a job managing a horse stable in Santa Rosa. Arizona Weekly Miner. And you have no business risking money that way.

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Earp First ed. Josephine told others that when she and her friend Dora arrived in Arizona she learned that "some renegade Yuma-Apaches had escaped from the reservation to which they had been consigned and had returned to their old haunts on the war-path. I am under the impression that he was a deputy sheriff engaged on some official errand. After Wyatt died, Josephine spent her last years in Los Angeles. In he discovered several deposits of gold and copper near the Sonoran Desert town of Vidal, California on the Colorado River and filed more than mining claims [62] near the Whipple Mountains. Archived from the original on 29 May He had a "relationship with" Sadie Mansfield, likely the same girl who had traveled with Hattie Wells' prostitutes from San Francisco. Descendants of Josie's half-sister Rebecca allowed a Southern California group in to erect the stone currently in place. Archived from the original on 9 June San Francisco's Lost Landmarks.

Tess Brady and Nigel Krauth ed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved June 6, It is unlikely that he was a "wealthy German merchant" as she described him. Retrieved on June 20, The information in the letter is compelling because at the time it was written in the s, the relationship between Wyatt Earp and Josephine Marcus while living in Tombstone was virtually unknown. In the s, Wyatt gave Josie signed legal papers and filing fees to a claim for an oil lease in Kern County, California. In their later years Josephine worked hard to eliminate any mention that she had been Johnny Behan's mistress or of Wyatt's previous common law marriage to the prostitute Mattie Blaylock. They moved to San Francisco , where Josephine attended dance school as a girl.

After a week in Tombstone, the Markham troupe finished their engagement and headed north to Prescott. She always interfered! The type of work available to unmarried women without means in that era was as waitresses, laundresses, seamstresses, or other dull work which Josephine avoided. Jefferson, N. Archived from the original on 18 May As late as , Josephine took legal action to suppress certain details of her and Wyatt's life in Tombstone. She said that she had believed Behan was planning to marry her, but he kept putting it off, and she grew disillusioned. Marshal Virgil Earp and his brothers, Wyatt and Morgan. Archived from the original on 28 June Money flowed from Nevada through San Francisco, and for a while the Marcus family prospered.

Actor Kevin Costner , who played Earp in the movie Wyatt Earp , offered to buy a new, larger stone, but the Marcus family thought his offer was self-serving and declined. During , when Josephine was 13, production of gold and silver from the Comstock Lode had fed a feverish stock market, leading to a great deal of speculation. But, in April , less than eight months after Behan and Sadie built the house, she rented it to Dr. Descendants of Josie's half-sister Rebecca allowed a Southern California group in to erect the stone currently in place. San Diego History Center. Book Review. Corral O. Retrieved May 31, Prescott had residents in Archived from the original on 20 April

In he discovered several deposits of gold and copper near the Sonoran Desert town of Vidal, California on the Colorado River and filed more than mining claims [62] near the Whipple Mountains. Archived from the original on 10 June There is some evidence that she lived in Prescott and Tip Top, Arizona Territory under the assumed name of Sadie Mansfield, and worked as a prostitute from to , before becoming ill and returning to San Francisco. While Blaylock was living with Earp, she suffered from severe headaches and became addicted to laudanum , an opiate-based pain reliever widely available at the time. Parsons never mentioned seeing Wyatt and Josephine together and neither did John Clum in his memoirs. Phoenix New Times. They stayed for about four years, living most of the time in the Brooklyn Hotel. In the book I Married Wyatt Earp , based on a manuscript which she purportedly wrote, author Glenn Boyer quotes her as saying, "I liked the traveling sort of man The Journal of Arizona History. They recorded events in her life but found Josephine was evasive about her early life in Tombstone.

Archived from the original on 3 June Archived from the original on October 5, And you have no business risking money that way. She said Weiner used a connection he had in Prescott to help Josephine get home. Author Roger Ray thoroughly researched Josephine's story about joining the theater company and found many inconsistencies. Retrieved 30 October Josephine and Wyatt moved throughout their life, from one boomtown to another, until they finally bought a cottage in the Sonoran Desert town of Vidal, California on the Colorado River , where they spent the cooler seasons. To her the women appeared not as "soiled doves" but nicely dressed women living a life of leisure. The charges against her reported that "one set of German table spoons were stolen from the store of H.

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While the town already had five saloons with five courtesans , Johnny's new saloon had none. Holt Paperbacks. After a week in Tombstone, the Markham troupe finished their engagement and headed north to Prescott. Josephine gambled so recklessly that Wyatt cut her off and asked other gambling houses to do the same. Archived from the original on 10 December Wells also owned a brothel in Prescott, Arizona. She gambled away the filing fees and lied to Wyatt about what happened to the lease, which later turned out to be valuable. Sharkey boxing match on December 2, and was accused of fixing the outcome. Corral O. Josephine began using the name Sadie after she arrived in Arizona.

He called a foul on Fitzsimmons that no one saw, and Wyatt was widely accused of taking a bribe. Some women in Tombstone operated restaurants, boarding-houses, and apparel and millinery shops, and a few ran some of the dry goods stores. Retrieved 28 June It was a diversion from my homesickness though I cannot say I was in love with him But Leah never left San Francisco with Josephine. Archived from the original on February 22, New Haven, Conn. John Jacob Astor William H. Wyatt Earp: the O. There is some evidence that she lived in Prescott and Tip Top, Arizona Territory under the assumed name of Sadie Mansfield, and worked as a prostitute from to , before becoming ill and returning to San Francisco.

Archived from the original on 6 October Josephine left Behan in , before the Gunfight at the O. While the town already had five saloons with five courtesans , Johnny's new saloon had none. Corral, which may have contributed to their animosity. Archived from the original on December 19, Archived from the original on May 30, Retrieved May 30, If Sieber helped her, the only time period that fits Josephine's story is when Sieber was in the Prescott area at Camp Verde from to

He recorded Josephine as a member of the Marcus household, [4] information that may have been offered by her parents. Archived from the original on 7 March She said that during the last years of Wyatt's life, Josephine received an allowance from her family and gambled it away, often leaving Wyatt hungry. Bat Masterson , a friend of Wyatt Earp's who was in Tombstone from February to April , [28] : 41 [29] described her to Stuart Lake as "an incredible beauty" [30] and as the "belle of the honkytonks , the prettiest dame in three hundred or so of her kind. Behan was gone for 35 days, returning to Prescott on November 11, , where he lost the election. Beginning in about , critics began to challenge the accuracy of the book, and eventually many parts of the book were refuted as fictional. Archived from the original on 5 October Archived from the original on 17 June The Jewish Week. Archived from the original on 22 December

Retrieved 21 June Lincoln, Neb. Her confusing recollection of events show how easily Josephine mixed fact and fiction. Finding Behan in bed with the wife of a friend of theirs, she kicked him out. I developed St. Retrieved June 30, Josephine gambled so recklessly that Wyatt cut her off and asked other gambling houses to do the same. Archived from the original on 22 December In the summer they retreated to Los Angeles, where Wyatt struck up relationships with some of the early cowboy actors, including William S.

Archived from the original on 5 January Los Angeles, California , U. It was a diversion from my homesickness though I cannot say I was in love with him If Sieber helped her, the only time period that fits Josephine's story is when Sieber was in the Prescott area at Camp Verde from to Wyatt died on January 13, Archived from the original on February 19, They arrived while the city was recovering from the disastrous earthquake of October 21, She paid for a small white marble headstone which was stolen shortly after her death in She said Weiner used a connection he had in Prescott to help Josephine get home. The information in the letter is compelling because at the time it was written in the s, the relationship between Wyatt Earp and Josephine Marcus while living in Tombstone was virtually unknown.

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Retrieved June 30, Retrieved 9 January Pilgrims in the desert: the early history of the east Mojave desert and Baker, California area. I can remember shedding many tears in out-of the way-corners. Hoxie built the Dexter Saloon, the largest in Nome. They arrived while the city was recovering from the disastrous earthquake of October 21, Brisbane: Post-Pressed. She wasn't that upset. State of Arizona Department of Commerce.

Asher and Company in the village of Prescott, Yavapai, A. Josephine's life on the frontier and possibly as a prostitute allowed her greater independence. Corral , during which Wyatt and his brothers killed three Cochise County Cowboys. Other researchers have questioned what she did prior to The Gunfighter: Man or Myth? Sadie was apparently no longer claiming to be Behan's wife. Retrieved 10 September Ann Kirschner". Actor Kevin Costner , who played Earp in the movie Wyatt Earp , offered to buy a new, larger stone, but the Marcus family thought his offer was self-serving and declined. Carroll, the census enumerator for the 9th ward in San Francisco, visited the Marcus home.

American Heritage Magazine. On the inside were the German Jews and on the outside were the Polish Jews. Chelsea House Publications. Archived from the original on 28 June Archived from the original on August 11, Generally accepted to be a picture of Earp in Prescott, Arizona Territory, in Los Angeles Times. She enjoyed some brief success as a juvenile actress on the San Francisco stage during the s. Retrieved September 9,

Archived from the original on March 10, Retrieved February 22, Archived from the original on August 11, Retrieved 30 October This family lived only a few blocks from where Josephine lived with her family. In my confusion, I could see no way out of the tragic mess. Writer Alan Barra suggests that Behan and Earp knew of their mutual attraction to the same woman before the Gunfight at the O. Boring Jonathan R. He managed a small store during the spring of in St. Behan left on an 'electioneering' tour toward Black Canyon, Wickenburg and other places" north and west of present-day Phoenix.

Pilgrims in the desert: the early history of the east Mojave desert and Baker, California area. My blood demanded excitement, variety and change. Retrieved 30 October In the s, Wyatt gave Josie signed legal papers and filing fees to a claim for an oil lease in Kern County, California. Corral , she was at her home when she heard the sound of gunfire. Archived from the original PDF on 26 March Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Los Angeles Times. Later that year, Josephine's half-sister Rebecca Levy married Aaron Wiener, [7] an insurance salesman born in Prussia , as her parents were. But Leah never left San Francisco with Josephine.

But in August a Tombstone newspaper reported a letter waiting at the post office for Sadie Mansfield. Arizona Territory A Political History. Her confusing recollection of events show how easily Josephine mixed fact and fiction. Josephine wrote much later that her family wanted to keep her "escapades from the public. Even though he was very ill, she still didn't cook for him. Archived from the original on August 11, Archived from the original on 25 April Hoxie built the Dexter Saloon, the largest in Nome.

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Grace, her sisters, Alma, and her mother brought in meals. Madera Tribune. The Encyclopedia of Lawmen, Outlaws, and Gunfighters. The group spent 10 days sleeping on the floor. She may have arrived in Prescott, Arizona as early as Archived PDF from the original on 15 November True West. Prescott had residents in

It was cited by scholars and relied upon as factual by filmmakers. But in August a Tombstone newspaper reported a letter waiting at the post office for Sadie Mansfield. Rudolph Stauffer found the Apaches that had escaped the reservation at Cave Creek and fought them. He was in agreement, but Josephine, who was 37, miscarried soon after. Upon their return, they arrived late in the evening and a day earlier than expected, at the house built with her father's money. In I Married Wyatt Earp , Josephine wrote that one day, "I left my home one morning, carrying my books just as though I was going to school as usual. Retrieved on November 4, Wikimedia Commons has media related to Josephine Earp. Archived from the original on 11 December

Mojave Historical Society. Other researchers have questioned what she did prior to Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. Touchstone Books. Retrieved 22 October Josephine ran away, possibly as early as age 14, and traveled to Arizona, where she said she went looking for "adventure". Archived from the original on 7 May Retrieved March 31, It was a working-class, ethnically mixed neighborhood, where smoke from factory chimneys filled the air. Earp did mezuzah when entering the house.

Julia Barton, a servant. During the census in Tip Top, Behan's occupation was given as saloon keeper. John Jacob Astor William H. West Adams Heritage Association. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. The Natural American. Archived from the original on November 13, Archived PDF from the original on 15 November

Archived from the original on 11 June Earp and partner Charles E. After the Coeur d'Alene mining venture died out, Earp and Josie briefly went to El Paso, Texas before moving in to San Diego where the railroad was about to arrive and a real estate boom was underway. Ann Kirschner". Wyatt Earp Timeline. Retrieved 3 June True West. Grace was upset that Josephine didn't attend.

Archived from the original on 3 June In their later years Josephine worked hard to eliminate any mention that she had been Johnny Behan's mistress or of Wyatt's previous common law marriage to the prostitute Mattie Blaylock. Archived from the original on 1 May Cason says she and her sister "finally abandoned work on the manuscript because she [Josie] would not clear up the Tombstone sequence where it pertained to her and Wyatt. Pilgrims in the desert: the early history of the east Mojave desert and Baker, California area. Earp First ed. Touchstone Books. American Heritage Magazine.

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Josephine ran away, possibly as early as age 14, and traveled to Arizona, where she said she went looking for "adventure". Hougon Companies. Running into town in the direction of the shots, Josephine was relieved to see that Wyatt was uninjured. Prism: the changing American west. Later that year, Josephine's half-sister Rebecca Levy married Aaron Wiener, [7] an insurance salesman born in Prussia , as her parents were. When her father had difficulty finding work, the family moved in with her older sister and brother-in-law in a working-class tenement. Archived from the original on 7 January To her the women appeared not as "soiled doves" but nicely dressed women living a life of leisure.

Retrieved September 30, Sanger, Calif. Wyatt would often go on long walks to get away from her. Josephine's father Henry was a baker. The opening date of the Baldwin Hotel is much earlier than the date Josephine said she left for Arizona with the Pauline Markham Troupe in Archived from the original on 25 April Earp developed a reputation as a sportsman as well as a gambler. Tess Brady and Nigel Krauth ed. May 31, Pinafore in San Francisco.

She asked Wyatt for a divorce, but Wyatt didn't believe in divorce and refused. Retrieved 7 December Retrieved 1 July Sanger, Calif. Josephine finally changed her mind and asked Wyatt's cousins to burn their work, but Cason held back a copy, to which Glenn Boyer eventually acquired the rights, [] [] and is now in the custody of the Ford County Historical Society in Dodge City. She ran away with the gambler anyway, who later abandoned her in Arizona. Archived from the original on 9 May Author Roger Ray thoroughly researched Josephine's story about joining the theater company and found many inconsistencies.

Retrieved May 30, Arizona History Page. Download as PDF Printable version. How and when she and Wyatt Earp began their relationship is unknown. She wanted him to look like a church-going saint and blow things up. Retrieved 5 April Retrieved September 30, Earp did mezuzah when entering the house. He was known to disappear for days at a time "to see property", the family euphemism for a drinking binge, and Earp was his regular partner.

Charleston, S. Archived from the original on 2 August In the book I Married Wyatt Earp , based on a manuscript which she purportedly wrote, author Glenn Boyer quotes her as saying, "I liked the traveling sort of man But Leah never left San Francisco with Josephine. Archived from the original on 10 June The group included a black woman named Julia Barton. July 8, Retrieved 26 June Tess Brady and Nigel Krauth ed. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Throughout her later life, Josephine worked hard to manage what the press and public knew about her and Wyatt's life in Arizona. Retrieved June 23, The Natural American. Prizefighting: An American History. Retrieved 31 October Pring, and Messrs. A few women of the era chose to remain single as a means to maintain their independence from men, and Josephine was among them. The case was tried the same day with only one witness for the defense, Jennie Andrews. Josephine told others that when she and her friend Dora arrived in Arizona she learned that "some renegade Yuma-Apaches had escaped from the reservation to which they had been consigned and had returned to their old haunts on the war-path. The German Jews were usually more affluent, were better educated, and spoke German, while the Polish Jews, who spoke Yiddish , were typically peddlers and much more religious.

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Cason says she and her sister "finally abandoned work on the manuscript because she [Josie] would not clear up the Tombstone sequence where it pertained to her and Wyatt. Wyatt refereed the Fitzsimmons vs. Josephine eventually sold virtually all of her jewelry to Baldwin.

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